How does yoga work?

It has become popular in recent years as a form of physical exercise focused on poses that encourage enhanced mind and body control and improve well-being.

Within the practice, there are many different kinds of yoga and several disciplines. The history, philosophy, and different branches of yoga are discussed in this article.

What is yoga?

The South Asian practice of yoga has spread to all parts of the globe in the modern world. While it is now a common method of meditation and exercise, this has not always been the case

No written record of the founder of yoga remains.

Male yoga practitioners are referred to as yogis, and yoginis are called female yoga practitioners. Years before any written account of yoga came into being, they both practised and taught yoga.

Yogis passed the discipline on to their students for the next five generations, and several different yoga schools grew as the practice extended its global scope and popularity.

The "Yoga Sutra," a 2,000-year-old treatise by the Indian sage Patanjali on yogic philosophy, is a guidebook on how to master the mind, control emotions, and spiritually develop. The Yoga Sutra is one of the oldest texts in existence and the earliest recorded account of yoga and provides the basis for all modern yoga.

Yoga is well known for its stances and poses, but in India they were not a core component of the original practices of yoga. Fitness was not a main focus. Instead, practitioners and adherents of the yogic tradition focused on other activities, such as using breathing exercises and mental concentration to expand spiritual capacity.


Yoga also utilizes the imagery of a tree with roots, a trunk, buds, blossoms, and fruits to express its spiritual message and guide sessions. A different emphasis and collection of characteristics reflects each "branch" of yoga.


The six branches are the following:

1.Hatha yoga: This is the physical and mental branch where the body and mind are built to dominate.

2.Raja yoga: Meditation and strict adherence to a set of corrective steps known as yoga "eight limbs" are part of this branch.

3.Karma yoga: This is a service path that seeks to build a future free from selfishness and negativity.

4.Bhakti yoga: This seeks to create the direction of commitment, a meaningful way of channeling feelings and fostering acceptance and acceptance.

Seven major chakras exist, each with its own focus:

5.Sahasrara: The chakra "thousand-petaled" or "crown" is the state of pure consciousness. At the crown of the head, this chakra is located and is depicted by the color white or violet. Sahasrara includes matters of physical death and inner wisdom.

Ajna: A meeting point between two essential energy streams in the body is the "command" or "third-eye chakra." Ajna refers to violet, indigo, or deep blue colors, although it is defined as white by traditional yoga practitioners. The ajna chakra refers to the pituitary gland, which drives development and growth.

Vishuddha: The red or blue color represents the chakra "particularly pure" or "throat." This chakra is considered by practitioners to be the home of voice, hearing, and metabolism.

Anahata: The chakra 'unstruck' or 'heart' corresponds to the colors green and pink. Complex feelings, sympathy, tenderness, unconditional affection, equilibrium, rejection, and health are main issues affecting anahata.

The "jewel city" or "navel" chakra is depicted by Manipura: Yellow. This chakra is connected to the digestive system by practitioners, as well as personal control, fear, anxiety, forming opinions, and tendencies toward an introverted personality.

Svadhishthana: Practitioners believe that the home of the reproductive organs, the genitourinary system, and the adrenal gland is the "one's own base" or "pelvic" chakra.

Muladhara: The "root support" or "root chakra" is in the coccygeal area at the base of the spine. Our natural desires concerning food, sleep, sex, and survival, as well as the root of avoidance and fear, are said to be contained.



With an emphasis on exercise, strength, flexibility, and breathing, modern yoga has evolved. It can help improve mental and physical well-being.

There are many types of yoga, and there is no style that is more authentic or superior. Choosing a class suitable for your fitness level is the secret.


Yoga forms and styles can include:

Ashtanga yoga: Ancient yoga teachings are used in this form of yoga. During the 1970s, however, it became popular. Six known sequences of postures are used by Ashtanga that quickly connect any movement to breath.

Bikram yoga: Also known as "hot" yoga, Bikram occurs at temperatures of approximately 105 degrees and 40 percent humidity in artificially heated spaces. It's made of It consists of 26 poses and a sequence of two breathing exercises.

Hatha yoga: This is a common term for any form of yoga which teaches physical postures. Usually, the lessons of "Hatha" serve as a gentle introduction to yoga's simple postures.

Iyengar yoga: This style focuses on finding the correct balance in each pose using a range of supports, such as blocks, blankets, straps, chairs, and bolsters.

Jivamukti yoga: "liberation while living." means Jivamukti. This style emerged in 1984 and incorporates philosophical teachings and practices that focus on the fast-paced flow between poses rather than the poses themselves.


Risks and side effects

Yoga is low-impact and healthy for individuals when the practice is led by a well-trained teacher.

An unusual obstacle to continued practice is injury due to yoga, and serious injury due to yoga is rare. Before beginning, however, consider a few factors.

Before doing yoga, someone who is pregnant or who has an underlying medical condition, such as high blood pressure, glaucoma, or sciatica, should speak to their health care provider. They may need to change some yoga poses or stop them.

Extreme poses and challenging techniques such as headstand, lotus position, and forceful breathing should be avoided by beginners.

Do not substitute traditional medical treatment with yoga or delay seeing a healthcare provider for pain or some other medical issue while using yoga to treat an illness.

Depending on what people want from it and the current level of physical health of an individual, there are several distinct forms of yoga. Some individuals, however, prefer to substitute conventional treatment for yoga conditions and this may prevent a person from receiving the required care.

People with certain conditions should approach yoga slowly and with caution, such as sciatica.

A healthy, active lifestyle can be improved by yoga.


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